Common Medications That Cause Hearing Loss | Clearly Hearing
Jeffrey David

Common Medications That Cause Hearing Loss

Posted on June 12, 2014 by Jeffrey David | 0 Comments

Some prescription medications are ototoxic in nature, causing hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo.

The list below will educate you on the way some common prescription medications can negatively effect your hearing.

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you experience negative side effects from taking medication.  It is important to always take the minimum dose necessary to achieve the desired effect of treatment, as most ototoxic reactions are increased as dosage of medication is increased.

These are not all the side effects of the medications listed below. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a complete list.

 Drug Name Drug Class What the drug is used for? Negative Effects On Hearing

Aspirin

Salsalate

Salicylates Pain Relief
  • High Frequency or flat hearing loss
  • Tinnitus - often an immediate onset and sounding like a music note
  • Hyperacusis
  • Cholesteatoma
  • Increased difficulty understanding speech
  • Damage is most often reversible

Amikacin

Dihydrostreptomycin

Gentamicin

Kanamycin

Neomycin

Netilmicin

Streptomycin

Tobramycin

Amino-glycosides / 

Antibiotics

Used to treat

bacterial infections

  • Risk of hearing loss, especially with high doses and extended use
  • Tinnitus - often weeks to months after initial administration
  • Damage is usually permanent

Erythromycin

Vancomycin

Antibiotics

Used to treat

Bacterial Infections

  • Tinnitus - Often described as a "blowing sound"
  • Damage is most often reversible

Buserelin

Carboplatin

Cisplatin

Vinblastine

Vincristine

Antineoplastic

Used to treat

Cancer

  • Cisplatin has a high occurrence of ototoxic reactions
  • Tinnitus - starts within days
  • Damage is usually permanent 

Bumex (Bumetanide)

Edecrin (Ethacrynic Acid)

Lasix (Furosemide)

Loop Diuretics

Used to treat

Cirrhosis

Heart Failure

Hypertension

Impaired Kidney Function

Swelling

 

  • Hearing Loss
  • Tinnitus - often immediately, or days after initial administration
  • Damage is often reversible when drug is taken alone, however when taken with other ototoxic drugs, specifically amino glycosides, cisplatin and polymyxin B the damage is permanent

Chloroquine

Quinine

Quinine

Used to treat

Leg Cramps

Malaria

  • Tinnitus
  • Vertigo
  • Damage is often reversible when medication is discontinued
Zoloft Antidepressant

Used to treat

Anxiety Disorders

Depression

  • Tinnitus
  • Hyperacusis
  • Damage is often reversible when medication is discontinued

Arsenic

Butyl Alcohol

Butyl Nitrite

Carbon Disulphide

Carbon Monoxide

Dinitrobenzene

Heptanes

Hexane

Lead

Manganese

Mercury

Styrene

Trichloroethylene

Trimethyltin

Toluene

Xylene

Solvents/Chemicals

Used to treat

Exposure to asphalt, fuels,

insecticides, synthetic rubbers,

spot removers, cleaning fluids, 

dyes, paint thinner, adhesives.

  • Hearing Loss
  • Central Auditory Processing Disorder
  • Tinnitus
  • Damage is usually permanent

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